Pesticide Usage and Compliance Motivations in the Agricultural Sector

This project looks at compliance motivations in the agricultural sector in China. It focuses on compliance with pesticide regulations by Chinese vegetable farmers in Hunan province. It is based on a year-long fieldwork there and with over 100 in-depth interviews and discussions with local farmers, farm cooperative managers, regulators and academics.

The study looks at a broad range of variables that existing studies from the U.S. and other OECD countries have found to motivate compliance. It critically assesses how these variables shape compliance here and what lessons can be drawn about their relevance for China’s rural context. Here for most farmers state enforcement is very weak, yet there is still quite some compliance. The study maps how a combination of different mechanisms and actors can explain such compliance and it draws out conclusions on how to enhance compliance in these and similar challenging conditions.The results in this study will be compared with existing knowledge from the U.S. and other OECD countries about compliance motivations, ideal types of compliance and pesticide management.

The study is conducted by Long Institute fellow Yan Huiqi and supervised by Long Institute academic director Benjamin van Rooij, Free University of Amsterdam professor Wim Huisman, and Australia National University research fellow Jeroen van der Heijden.