Social Development and Justice

China’s rise has altered Chinese society. During the economic boom, many people lifted themselves out of poverty. Immense migration and urbanization transformed a once predominantly rural society into a society with increasingly empty rural hinterlands, massive urban cities with legal and illegal migrants, and rapidly urbanizing townships.

China’s one-child policy has contributed to a lopsided demographic situation, with a rapidly aging population and a gender imbalance with a male surplus. Meanwhile, development has bred inequality. While some have gotten extremely rich, many have to live on moderate or low incomes. Inequality, as well as injustices such as illegal land grabs, pollution, unsafe food or corrupt practices, have left many citizens dissatisfied and sparked outbursts of social unrest.

The Long Institute seeks to understand how the reforms have affected society, and what the implications are for state-society relations.

Key focus issues

  • Aging population
  • Inequality
  • Disputes and dispute resolution
  • Civil society
  • Rights protection and access to justice

Key initiatives

  • Social Inequality in Post-Socialist Societies Research Program
  • Migration and Social Integration Project
  • China Law and Society Review, major new review journal launched from Long Institute